Agricultural trade: Impacts on food security, groundwater and energy use


  • International agricultural trade relies on groundwater for irrigation in many places in the world.
  • Increase of food exports has improved local and global food security.
  • Current agricultural practices are mostly unsustainable and contribute to the severe degradation of groundwater.
  • More robust water resource planning, management, and use are necessary.
  • Water and energy data collection should be improved to inform use efficiency policies.

By Cecilia Tortajada and Francisco González-Gómez, 2022. Article published in Current Opinion in Environmental Science & Health, 27, 100354. DOI: 10.1016/j.coesh.2022.100354

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