The paper analyses the legal and regulatory instruments for water quality management that have been set in place in Singapore for control of water pollution, and their evolution since the time of independence in 1965. The role of institutions in the strict implementation of the laws and regulations is also discussed, with special emphasis on the efficient inter-institutional coordination machinery that has made it possible. The analyses show that overall long-term planning and policy-making and a strong political will have been instrumental to give all aspects of water management high priority in the national agenda, thus directly supporting urban, industrial and commercial growth.
By Cecilia Tortajada and Yugal Kishore Joshi, 2014. Article published in Hydrological Sciences Journal, Volume 59, Issue 9, pages 1763-1774. DOI: 10.1080/02626667.2014.942664