An important policy issue facing India is how to provide enough food, energy, water, livable environment, employment, social services and other necessities of good quality life for not only about 1.21 billion people but also how it can cope with 1.53 billion population by 2030, when it would become the most populous country in the world. Economic growth, technological developments, higher education and income levels, increasing globalization, and information and communication revolution are factors that are contributing to accelerating societal pressure to formulate new, innovative and implementable policies that could successfully meet the increasing expectations of an expanding Indian population.
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